Purpose of SDGs
Good Health and Well-Being
All health issues in the SDGs are integrated into one goal, namely goal number 3, which is to ensure a healthy life and promote well-being for all at all ages. There are 38 SDGs targets in the health sector that need to be realized. In addition to problems that have not been completely addressed, including efforts to reduce maternal mortality (MMR) and infant mortality (IMR), controlling HIV/AIDS, TB, Malaria and increasing access to reproductive health (including family planning), there are new things that have become attention, namely:
- Death due to non-communicable diseases (NCD);
- Drug and alcohol abuse
- Deaths and injuries from traffic accidents
- Universal Health Coverage
- Contamination and pollution of water, air and soil; and handling crises and emergencies.
The focus of all these targets include community nutrition, national health system, access to health and reproduction, family planning (KB), as well as sanitation and clean water. The development of the health sector for the SDGs is highly dependent on the active role of all stakeholders, both central and local governments, parliament, the business world, mass media, social institutions, professional and academic organizations, development partners and the United Nations (UN).
The biggest challenge in implementing the sustainable development agenda in Indonesia is the reformulation of the integrated development concept and the placement of health as a series of development management processes that include input, process, output, outcome and impact of development as well as understanding together the substance of health development that must be implemented together in the era of decentralization. and democratization today.
The program that is carried out to realize the SDGs in the health sector is the Healthy Indonesia Program with 3 pillars, namely the healthy paradigm, health services and national health insurance.
- The healthy paradigm is an approach that puts forward promotive and preventive concepts in health services and places health as an input to a development process.
- Health services are carried out and directed to increase access and quality of services. In terms of primary health care, it is directed to promotive and preventive service efforts, through a continuum of care approach and health risk-based interventions both in clinical governance, management governance and program governance.
- National Health Insurance, the state is determined to guarantee all residents and foreign citizens living in Indonesia in their health services