Technology and Management of Plantation Production


General Profile

Plantation Production Management and Technology Study Program


Deskripsi Umum

Program Studi Teknologi dan Manajemen Produksi Perkebunan bertujuan menghasilkan tenaga Ahli Madya profesional di bidang usaha perkebunan.

Why Should
This Study Program?

The Plantation Production Technology and Management Study Program can provide D3 vocational education with learning outcomes on the mastery of production technical skills and production management in the business sector of various plantation commodities. In addition, it also mobilizes and develops all the potential and resources of the Vocational School and other units at IPB in implementing an effective, efficient, transparent, and accountable vocational education system.

Table Header Table Header

Number of credits


Academic Education Program

Diploma 3                                                     


Bahasa Indonesia


3 Years


Ahli Madya (A.Md)


To become a leading expertise program in preparing professional Associate Experts in the plantation business.


  1. Organizing D3 vocational education with learning outcomes on the mastery of production technical skills and production management in the business sector of various plantation commodities.
  2. To mobilize and develop all the potential and resources of the Vocational School and other units in IPB in implementing an effective, efficient, transparent and accountable vocational education system.
  3. Collaborating with government institutions and/or companies related to the achievement of competencies and employment opportunities for graduates.

Learning Outcomes

Graduates of the Plantation Production Technology and Management Study Program are expected to have expertise in their respective fields

  1. Able to become a technician and manager of plantation crop production activities according to the principles of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) in plantation companies with the status as plant assistants at the division/afdeling level, technicians for research institutions at government agencies or R&D divisions of plantation companies, plantation extension workers, individual entrepreneurs or in the plantation sector.
  2. Mastering theoretical concepts regarding technical and plantation production management in general and other concepts relevant to solving problems and/or work in the plantation sector at plantation companies, research institutes, extension institutions, plantation entrepreneurial activities.
  3. Able to work together and communicate effectively in a work group (team work) either in his position as a member and/or as leader of a working group, to complete work in the plantation sector including documenting the results of work in the form of a written report.
  4. Able to evaluate and supervise the achievement of the results of technical work and production management of plantation crops which are his responsibilities both as members and/or leaders in working groups.


The Plantation Production Technology and Management Study Program consists of 114 credits which are divided into several courses including

1. Religious Education 2(2-0)

Studying to gain an understanding, appreciation, and practice of the concepts of faith and solid religion, religion and religion in the disciplines of science, religion, nation and state in supporting national development, mental attitude and achieving the goals of human life.

2. Pancasila Education and Citizenship/State Defense 3(2-1)

Learn the meaning and importance of defending the country based on an understanding of Pancasila, the Preamble to the Constitution, the 1945 Constitution, Human Rights, Pancasila as an ethical system, Archipelago Insight, National Resilience, Regional Autonomy and Good Governance, in order to build the character of students who have awareness of defending the country in accordance with the goals of national education.

3. Bahasa Indonesia 3 (2-1)

Learn effective communication techniques and in accordance with the correct Indonesian language provisions, both orally and in writing so that students are able to compose scientific writings and convey them orally correctly.

4. Physics 3(2-1)

Studying the principles of agriculture and their relationship to the application of physics includes: the effect of physical quantities on the growth of living things, the effect of water and nutrients and other chemical substances on the physical growth of plants.

5. Math 3(2-1)

Learn the mathematical logic of vectors and matrices. System of linear equations, real number clusters, functions, limits, and continuity.

6. Introduction to Agroindustry 2 (2-0)

This course is designed and structured to lead students to an understanding of the world of agro-industry in a broad sense by discussing various topics related to agro-industry, including the notion of post-harvest and product processing, understanding of added value of agricultural products, processed forms of agricultural products, and forms of agricultural products. forms of processing agricultural products.

7. Agricultural Production System 3 (1-2)

Studying agricultural production systems in a broad sense, including crop cultivation, fisheries and animal husbandry and their integration. In plant commodities, various types of businesses, growing requirements, and production field management techniques (food crops, plantations and horticulture) are discussed. Fisheries commodities study fish cultivation based on the type of food, type of fish, and aspects of aquaculture management such as fertilization/liming, density regulation, food, water quality, pest and disease control, seeding and rearing techniques for several types of fish. In livestock commodities, we study various types of livestock, their exterior use and the factors that influence their production and development in Indonesia.

8. General Botany 3(1-2)

Studying plant cells, tissues and organs anatomically and morphologically and their functions. Identify and classify and the role of plants in agriculture. Recognizing variations caused by genetic and/or environmental factors.

9. English 3(1-2)

Study English according to the post elementary to pre-intermediate levels to master 3000–4000 words. Studying sentence structure and vocabulary in English grammar, strategies for reading English texts.

10. Computer Applications 3(1-2)

Studying computer systems, hardware and software. Recognize the computer program operating system. Apply office computers (word processing, worksheets, databases, reporting and presentations).

11. Agroclimatology 3(1-2)

Studying the formed climate, determining the type of climate and controlling factors. Studying the elements of climate: their determinants, their distribution, and their position as controllers. Studying the response of plant growth, development, and production to weather elements (solar radiation, temperature, humidity, wind, and water balance).

12. General Agronomy 3(1-2)

Studying the meaning of agronomy and its position in increasing the production of agricultural crops (food, horticulture and plantations), efforts to achieve maximum production through the use of superior seeds, land preparation, spacing, fertilization, weed control, pest control, crop rotation and management.

13. Ekofisiologi Tanaman 3(1-2)

Studying the physiological response of plantation crops to the environment that can be seen in the symptoms of growth in the field; such as plant growth with its phases associated with the stages of cultivation techniques in the nursery, TBM and TM phases.

14. Plantation Plant Breeding 3 (1-2)

Studying the concept of plant propagation both generative and vegetative, objectives, advantages and disadvantages of each method of propagation of plantation crops, generative propagation techniques including hybridization, vegetative propagation techniques including tissue culture.

15. Basic Chemistry 3 (1-2)

Study atoms, their structures and properties and buffers. Nuclear chemistry, chemical bonds, names, chemical formulas and equations. Acid-base, oxidation and reduction, organic and polymer chemistry, energy, environmental chemistry, agricultural chemistry, food chemistry, chemotherapy, and chemical toxicology.

16. Statistical Method 3 (2-1)

Learn about the meaning of statistics, the concept of probability, the concept of random variables, and probability distribution, sampling theory, parameter estimation, hypothesis testing, regression and correlation analysis, analysis of variance, and non-parametric analysis.

17. Entrepreneurship 3 (1-2)

Study entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurial character and identity, entrepreneurship challenges and opportunities, rational way of entrepreneurship, examples of successful entrepreneurial business profiles, especially in the plantation sector.

18. Plantation Plant Breeding Techniques 3(1-2)

Studying breeding and selection methods for cross-pollinated plants, breeding and selection methods for self-pollinating plants with examples on several types of plantation crops.

19. Soil Fertility 3(1-2)

Mempelajari tanah sebagai faktor produksi untuk berbagai usaha pertanian; problema tanah di Indonesia; hubungan tanah dan tanaman; kemasaman dan pengapuran; sumber dan sifat unsur-unsur hara. Dipelajari juga jenis-jenis pupuk, sifat-sifat dan penggunaannya, evaluasi kesuburan tanah. Dasar-dasar pertimbangan dalam pemberian pupuk. Pengambilan contoh tanah, tanaman dan persiapan pengiriman ke laboratorium.

20. Fundamentals of Crop Protection 3(1-2)​

Learn the basics of plant protection in the scope of agriculture; taxonomy, morphology, biology, ecology of plant pests and pathogens; as well as various basics and ways of controlling or overcoming them.

21. Plantation Techniques 3(1-2)

Learn and practice technical aspects of plantation crop cultivation in general, land clearing and preparation, land conservation, area measurement, cropping systems, cover crops and protective plants, plantation plant rejuvenation techniques.

22. Cultivation of Main Plantation Plants 3(1-2)

Study the cultivation of the main plantation crops (oil palm, rubber, coconut) covering the requirements for growing, seeding, planting, maintaining, harvesting and handling crops.

23. Fundamentals of Management 3(1-2)

Learn the notion of management, elements of management, management functions. The management process approaches the functions of planning, organizing, mobilizing and monitoring as well as a leadership role in plantation management.

24. Plantation Environmental Management 3(1-2)

Studying plantation environmental management in the context of an integrated effort to preserve environmental functions, which includes policies for structuring, utilizing, developing, maintaining, recovering, monitoring and controlling the environment. Studying sustainable/environmentally friendly plantation development such as ISO, RSPO, ISPO, environmental conservation efforts, and protection for occupational safety and health (K3) that can be done in the plantation sector.

25. Plantation Weed Control 3(1-2)

Studying plantation weeds, their way of life and distribution, ways of controlling plantation weeds, introduction of herbicides and control tools and their use, management of weeds in various plantation crops.

26. Integrated Control of HPT Plantations 3(1-2)

Studying various types of pests and causes of plant diseases and how they live and spread. Methods of controlling plant pests and diseases, introduction of pesticides and eradication tools and their use. Introduction and application of control of important pests and diseases of plantation crops, as well as methods of sending materials to the laboratory.

27. Cultivation of Refreshment Plants 3(1-2)

Studying aspects of cultivation including requirements for growing, seeding, planting, maintaining and collecting yields of various types of plantation crops from the group of refreshing plants; coffee, cocoa and tea.

28. Plantation Communication and Extension 3(1-2)

Studying the understanding, goals, levels and models of human communication at the level of contextual communication, nonverbal and verbal messages, intrapersonal communication, interpersonal communication, group and organizational communication, mass and public communication, intercultural communication, understanding and the role of extension in sustainable agricultural development, philosophy and principles extension, the teaching-learning process in extension, the adoption and decision-making process of innovation, diffusion of innovation, extension methods, program planning and evaluation of extension programs in the context of agricultural development in general, particularly the plantation sub-sector.

29. Plantation Geographic Information System 3(1-2)

Mempelajari pengertian dan keterampilan dalam membangun, menyimpan, mengelola, dan menampilkan informasi bereferensi geografis mengenai desain kebun, pembukaan lahan dan pembuatan blok kebun (blocking), menilai hasil pekerjaan fisik, dan keadaan pertanaman di perkebunan menggunakan data spasial dengan program ArcGIS.

30. Human Resource Management 3 (1-2)

Studying the function of the organization in achieving its goals by focusing on plantation business organizations. Learned how the organization is built and developed so that it suits its environment and the needs of the members of the organization concerned. In addition, it discusses organizational culture, organizational relationships with technological change, organizational democracy, conflict management, policies, values and group work.

31. Postharvest Plantation Plants 3(1-2)

Study the post-harvest handling of plantation commodities including: transportation, drying, processing, packing and storage. Introduced the quality standards of raw materials and processed products and their application to the design of tools and machines.

32. Plantation Mechanization 3(1-2)

Studying methods, equipment, functional processes and the performance of the machines used in plantation cultivation activities ranging from land preparation, maintenance to harvesting, which begins with the introduction of the combustion engine which includes working principles, combustion systems, lubrication systems, cooling systems, transmission systems , construction, and maintenance of combustion engines.

33. Scientific Methods and Report Writing Techniques 3(1-2)

Studying scientific methods and techniques for writing reports, including library research, preparing PKL proposals, and preparing presentation materials for PKL results in seminars and Final Project exams. In the practicum, students are given the opportunity to carry out various activities presented in lectures so that the techniques of writing reports and presenting the results of street vendors can be mastered.

34. Plantation Management 3(1-2)

Studying the meaning and objectives of plantation management, plantation management functions, organizational structure and plantation business, duties, rights and obligations as well as working relationships among plantation employees; determination of work standards/norms and performance appraisal as well as rewards and punishments for employees in various plantation businesses.

35. Cultivation of Spice and Sweetener Plants 3(1-2)

Study the cultivation of some spice and sweetener plants (pepper, nutmeg, cloves, sugar cane or others). Lectures and practicum covers requirements for growing, seeding, planting, maintaining, harvesting and handling crops.

36. Capita Selecta Plantation Business 3(1-2)

Studying patterns of plantation development, feasibility studies, the role of agrarian, legal aspects of plantation development, credit, calculation of costs and income of plantation business, cooperatives, application of ISO (ISO-9000 and ISO-14,000), RSPO, and marketing of plantation products.

37. Professional Ethics of Planters (Planters) 1 (1-0)

Studying ethics, professional and professional work, professional review in the plantation sector, improving the professionalism of workers in the plantation sector, the role of organizations and codes of ethics in a profession, business ethics, intellectual property rights.

38. Field Work Practice 4 (0-4)

Carry out practical work to gain knowledge and hands-on experience in the field/plantation companies regarding all technical aspects of production and product processing, as well as management to the middle level. Students participate in real field assignments on plantations covering various types of work that can be done during the practical period.

39. Seminar 1 (0-1)

Activities that must be carried out by each student to practice the skills of compiling a paper on the results of the Field Work Practice (PKL) are to present and account for it in a seminar forum attended by students and lecturers.

40. Introduction to Agroindustry 2 (2-0)

Discussing the understanding of the world of sugar cane/sugar agroindustry in a broad sense by discussing various topics related to sugar agroindustry ranging from on farm to off farm and the supporting sciences. Agro-industrial system approach and the concept of added value and competitiveness; the role of technology in agro-industry development, agro-industry and standardization, as well as global trade, the role of biotechnology in agro-industry, technological innovation and intellectual property rights, as well as the vision of agro-industry in the global era.

41. Land Measurement and Mapping Techniques 3 (1-2)

Teach about techniques/methods of land measurement for mapping purposes.

42. Hydrology Engineering 3 (1-2)

Studying rain and rain data analysis, understanding and importance of infiltration, processes and factors affecting infiltration, surface runoff, analysis of river flow, groundwater, evaporation, transpiration, evapotranspiration, and irrigation. Reservoir planning, water control, drainage planning.

43. Final Report 3 (0-3)

Mata kuliah ini akan membahas tentang dasar-dasar keteknikan dalam proses industry menyangkut perhitungan secara kuantitatif bahan-bahan yang masuk, keluar, terakumulasi dan terbuang pada sistem/proses tersebut.

44. Fuel Motor and Electric Motor 3 (1-2)

Studying two types of propulsion sources, which include piston combustion motors and electric motors, working principles, power transmission techniques, as well as electrical installation operation techniques and maintenance of propulsion sources for sugar agroindustry machines.

45. Information Technology and Computers 3 (1-2)

Discuss the basics of instrumentation including the notion of instrumentation, static and dynamic characteristics of measuring instruments, sensors/transducers, signal conditioning, and digital/analog display units; the basics of control systems include the notion of control systems, open-loop and closed-loop controls, ON-OFF control, PID, and Fuzzy Logic; the basics of information systems (IS) and information technology (IT) include the definition/characteristics of IS and IT, classification of application and development trends of IS and IT, dimensions of IT (hardware, software, and netware), IS development and design, and IS applications and IT in the sugar agroindustry.

46. Sugarcane Cultivation Technology in Dry Land 3 (1-2)

Studying the stages of sugarcane cultivation on dry land, starting from making garden opening patterns (making blocks), land preparation, making juringan, planting (according to the seeds used), fertilization, plant maintenance and harvest preparation in accordance with good agriculture practices (GAP).

47. Sugarcane Seed Production Technology 3 (1-2)

Discusses sugarcane breeding, superior varieties, seed certification process, selection of varieties based on ripeness criteria (early, middle and late ripe), seedling level, nursery site requirements, propagation system, theoretical and real Seed Yield Factor (FHB) calculation, factors that influencing FHB, seedling management; calculation of the cost of developing a nursery.

48. Water and Nutrient Management for Plants 3 (1-2)

Discusses water management for dry land sugarcane, the amount of water given especially for crop pattern 1 (June-August), determining the type of fertilizer to be used, calculating fertilizer doses (organic and inorganic), symptoms of nutrient deficiency and poisoning, fertilization methods through leaves and soil , as well as factors that affect the efficiency of fertilization.

49. Sugarcane Cultivation Machine 3 (1-2)

Provide knowledge about methods, functional processes, working principles, operations, and performance of tools and machines used in land preparation, planting and complete plant maintenance activities for dry land sugarcane, both for new sugarcane plants (plant canes and replanting canes) and sugar cane (ratoon cane)

50. Industry Statistics 2 (1-1)

Provide an understanding of the basic principles of statistical methods and some simple analytical methods that can be applied, especially in various fields of sugarcane agroindustry, including descriptive statistics, the concept of opportunity, principles and applications of estimation and hypothesis testing regarding the mean, correlation, simple linear regression, experimental design simple experiments, and non-parametric statistics. Students are expected to be able to explain the principles and use basic statistical methods, and be able to apply some simple statistical methods for collecting, analyzing and presenting data.

51. Final Report 3 (0-3)

Provide knowledge and skills in measuring irrigation water requirements, production stress due to lack of water, irrigation efficiency and measurement of discharge as well as irrigation and drainage techniques in sugarcane plantations.

52. Sugarcane Plant Protection 3 (1-2)

Provide basic knowledge about plant protection from pest and disease attacks including discussion of: the importance of pests and diseases, their classification, symptoms of attack and damage caused, factors that play a role in the development of pests and diseases, principles and methods of controlling pests and plant diseases, damage, yield loss, decision making, observation, forecasting, integration of plant protection tactics and crop protection policies, especially to overcome sugarcane HPT.

53. Sugar Cane Weed Control 3 (1-2)

Studying the definition of weeds, problems and roles of weeds in plantations, biological aspects of weeds, ecological aspects of weeds, understanding and methods of controlling weeds in plantations, introduction and use of herbicides and safety aspects.

54. Sugarcane Agroindustry Production System 3 (1-2)

Provide concepts and methods for planning and controlling sugarcane agroindustry production systems from on-farm to off-farm. This course is divided into two parts, namely the provision of knowledge and related skills (1) production planning; and (2) control of production, logistics and inventory activities that occur in the sugarcane agro-industry system.

55. Knowledge of Sugar Cane Agroindustry Processing Materials and Technology 3 (1-2)

Introducing sugarcane commodities and their derivative products (sugar, bagasse, molasses, blotong) , which includes the chemical composition of materials, physical-mechanical properties, thermal properties, and chemical reactions involving material components during processing, handling and storage. Potential utilization of sugarcane and its derivative products as industrial raw materials. In addition, this course also studies the application of chemical, physical, microbiological and engineering principles in the process of processing sugar cane into sugar and preserving sap and processing equipment and machinery by considering quality factors and consumer acceptance; application of mass momentum and heat transfer in harvesting, extraction, purification, evaporation, crystallization and separation operations.

56. Energy and Electricity of Sugar Industry 3 (1-2)

Introduction of various energy sources in the sugar agro-industry, which include water energy, wind, solar, fossil fuels, biomass, and high pressure hot steam from a steam boiler.

57. Garden Facilities and Infrastructure 3 (1-2)

Discussing the need for garden facilities and infrastructure for the sugar industry; the type of infrastructure needed, such as roads, irrigation (irrigation and drainage) and the relationship between infrastructure and blocks and garden areas; standards for infrastructure to support mechanization, as well as the operation of the necessary infrastructure and human resource support.

58. Harvesting and Transportation of Crops 3 (1-2)

This course provides students with knowledge about methods, functional processes, working principles, operations, and performance of sugarcane harvesting and transportation machines to transport harvested sugarcane from the land to the factory (sugar milling site).

59. Sugar Agroindustry Cost Analysis 3 (1-2)

Discusses the relationship between the value of money and time, capital interest, calculation of costs for cultivation and processing in sugar cane agroindustry.

60. Internship as Garden Foreman 3 (0-3)

Carry out practical work to gain knowledge and direct experience in the field/plantation company as a field foreman. Students participate in real work for the field foreman covering various types of work carried out by the field foreman in plantation companies

61. Kesamaptaan 1 1(0-1)

Cultivate discipline, independence, responsibility, honesty, and stamina.

62. Cultivation of Main Plantation Plants 3 (1-2)

Learn and practice the cultivation of the main plantation crop (oil palm) including growing requirements, seeding, planting, maintenance (beneficial plant), harvesting and handling of crops, increasing pollination and processing.

63. Fertilization Technique 3 (1-2)

Learn the concept of fertilization, practice the techniques and principles of fertilization, namely applying 5 T, right type, right dose, right time, right method and right place, fertilization mechanization and calibration; utilization of factory waste (JJK and liquid waste)

64. Internship as an Employee (PKL 1) 3 (0-3)

Carry out practical work to gain knowledge and direct experience in the field/plantation companies regarding technical aspects of production. Students participate in real employee assignments covering various types of work that can be done in plantation companies

65. Kesamaptaan 2 1(0-1)

Cultivate discipline, independence, responsibility, honesty, fighting spirit, stamina, leadership/leadership, motivation for the company’s progress.

66. Plantation Employee Performance Assessment Techniques 3 (1-2)

Learn how to assess performance that affects work-related traits, behaviours, targets and outcomes/outputs, including absenteeism rates.

67. Teknik Konservasi Tanah dan Air 3 (1-2)

Membahas sifat-sifat tanah yang berkaitan dengan konservasi tanah dan air seperti : tekstur tanah, struktur, bulk density dan porositas, agregat tanah,  air tanah, potensial air dan pergerakan air dalam tanah, pendugaan erosi, metode pengawetan tanah dan air serta bangunan konservasi.

68. Kesamaptaan III 1 (0-1)

Menumbuhkan sikap disiplin, kemandirian, tanggung jawab, kejujuran, daya juang, stamina, kepemimpinan/leadership, motivasi untuk kemajuan perusahaan,  antikorupsi dan anti narkoba.

69. Sistem Manajemen Infromasi Perkebunan 3 (1-2)

Learn and understand the SAP system (FICO, MM, PM, Checkroll) and use it which includes: data sources, data processing, display of analysis results, and evaluation of results.

70. Conflict Management and Plantation Development Patterns 3 (1-2)

Learn about conflicts that occur in the company/plantation environment, both horizontal and vertical conflicts, and patterns of plantation development as solutions and efforts to resolve them, public relations and security systems.

71. On the Job Training as Assistant 6(0-6)

Train students to implement knowledge and skills according to industry needs (identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) so that they can develop strategies and work programs and their control at the plantation division level.

72. PKL Report 1 1 (0-1)

Provide skills to students to compile reports on the results of Field Work Practices as daily employees for each activity followed and calculate their work performance and compare with other employees and garden standards.

73. PKL Report 2 1 (0-1)

Provide skills to students to compile reports on the results of Field Work Practices as field foreman for each field followed and calculate employee performance and compare with other employees and garden standards.

74. Minor OJT Report 1 (0-2)

Provide skills to students to compile reports of all activities carried out by students during OJT including activity results, problems in implementing activities and solutions to problems, as well as evaluating the results of field activities for both technical and managerial aspects of production.

75. Minor OJT Report 2 (0-2)

Train students to prepare reports for aspects that are of particular concern to students during OJT in order to get improvements for the company.


Lecturers of Plantation Production Technology and Management Study Program

Ade Astri Muliasari S.P., M.Si.
Hidayati Fatchur Rochmah S.P., M.Si
Rifa Rusiva SP., M.Si
Dr. Ir. Lili Dahliani M.M., M.Si.
Merry Gloria Meliala S.P., M.Si.
Dr. Aidil Azhar S.P., M.Sc.

Address & Contact

BOGOR CAMPUS – Jl. Raya Pajajaran, Bogor City, West Java 16128

SUKABUMI CAMPUS – Jl. Sarasa No. 45, Babakan, Cibeureum District, Sukabumi City, West Java 43142